JuJutsuJiu Jitsu also known as  JuJutsu or JuJitsu  , literally means the “art of softness”, or “way of yielding”,and  is a collective name for Japanese martial art styles including unarmed and armed techniques. Jujutsu origins have been attributed to Buddhist Monks in  India and then China. However Jujutsu later evolved among the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armoured opponent without weapons. Due to the ineffectiveness of striking against an armoured opponent, the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws. These techniques were developed around the principle of using an attacker’s energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.

There are many variations of the art, which leads to a diversity of approaches. Jujutsu schools  may utilize all forms of grappling techniques to some degree (i.e. throwing, trapping, joint locks, holds, gouging, biting, disengagements, striking, and kicking). In addition to jujutsu, many schools teach the use of weapons.

Today, jujutsu is practiced both as it was hundreds of years ago, but also in modified forms for sport practice. Derived sports forms include the Olympic sport and martial art of judo, which was developed from several traditional styles of jujutsu by Kano Jigoro in the late 19th century; and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, which was—in turn—derived from earlier versions (pre-World War II) of Kodokan judo.

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) is an evolution of Kodokan judo and has become an effective martial art focusing on ground fighting utlising various throws, grappling techniques and submission holds. BJJ came to prominence in the 1990’s when Royce Gracie won the 1st, 2nd and fourth Ultimate Fighting Championships. Since then it has become a staple art for most MMA fighters.